Uomo Nike Sneakerboot Air Max 90 Used Winter Scarpe da Corsa Blu/Arancioni Factory Farruq Fahlevi, left, and Muhamad Irvan Gustian, both from Indonesia, work on a farm harvesting cabbages in Ibaraki Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)
Cover Story

Famous for its resistance to immigration, Japan opens its doors

Number of foreign workers doubles in five years as nation faces labor crisis

Authentic Children's Under Armour Tech 3/4 Sleeve Tee Risk Red,Adidas Shoes Sale Zx500 Snowboard Boots dgsogr/colored red/black AD 7088,Authentic Pro-Tec Athletics Foam Roller Blue,. Along with a group of Japanese colleagues, they will spend the day moving heavy wooden pilings and pouring concrete for the foundation of a seven-story condominium block. 

It is demanding work, Buy Cheap Easton Collapsible L Screen Black,Adidas Shoes Sale Mcn Monte Carlo Mid 84-Lab - Kazuki Kuraishi white/ftwwht/green/lbone AD 4551,Buy Cheap Poolmaster Seahorse Twister Blue/Orange,.

"I've chosen the construction industry because the work involves lots of communication and helps improve my Japanese," Hoang said, in fluent Japanese. He eventually wants to work as a translator in Japan, and hopes that his fiancee will be able to join him there one day.

His employer, Buy Men's Nike Run Cold Weather Beanie Black/Volt,Asics Tiger Shoes Sale Gt-Cool green/black AS 5420,Cheap 2015 ASICS Quick Lyte Run Backpack Airforce Blue,, said trainees like Hoang are indispensable for his company of 32. "Foreign trainees learn faster than Japanese," Maeda said. "They are more serious, more hardworking, and take fewer days off. They are keen to learn and work hard for money. Cheap 2015 R-Gear Come To Grips Bottle 21 ounce Black,Asics Tiger Shoes Sale Gel-Respector blue/goblin blue/burgundy AS 3965,Women's Ahnu Sugarpine Boot New Black Boots (Astral Aura) - YT81,. Like other industries in a rapidly aging Japan, the construction business is desperate for labor. Women's Bandolino Eryn Black Combo Synthetic Flats (Black Combo,Converse Shoes Sale Chuck Taylor All Star Low Ox optical white CO 5855,Women's Blundstone BL1316 Black/Red Boots (Black/Red) - QG580I15,. As baby boomers retire, the labor shortage -- in construction and in the wider economy -- is bound to become more acute.

Kobe X Ep Unboxing Nike Zoom Kobe Venomenon 3 Youtube Nike Zoom Kobe 8 Black Grey White Red For Sale Vietnamese trainee Dang Ngoc Hoang works at a building site in Tokyo. With Japan's construction workforce rapidly aging, new sources of labor are needed. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

The demand for construction workers is intensifying before the 2020 Olympics, Women's Camper Right Nina 46716 Boots (Black 1) - DK849G45Z,Jordan Shoes Sale Flight Runner 2 white/wolf grey/infrared JO 6726,Women's Clarks Rosalyn Nicole Black Leather Heels (Black Leather,, the program has boomed in recent years -- and is one reason that the number of foreign workers in Japan has nearly quadrupled over the last decade.

Women's Dansko Heidi Sneakers (Black Suede) - DB934G77Z,New Balance Shoes Sale 620 Summit Suede Cw620Smc grey/steel/icarus blue NE 3821,Women's Earth Breeze Flats (Bright Red Soft Buck) - VZ024A80N,, Japan is in the midst of a quiet revolution when it comes to immigrant workers. Women's Franco Sarto Shari Flats (Black) - AS681U09X,New Balance Shoes Sale M530Bcp blue/ink blue NE 4445,Women's Hoka One One Bondi 4 Mulberry Purple/Neon Pink Sneakers,.

Without fanfare, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has steadily loosened Japan's once tightly controlled visa policy, resulting in an almost doubling of the number of foreign workers in Japan to 1.28 million over the last five years. In its latest move, Abe's government is expected to create a new class of  five-year work permits for unskilled workers in hopes of attracting more than 500,000 new overseas workers by 2025. The new guidelines, to be finalized in June, will ease language requirements for foreign workers in construction, Women's Josef Seibel Angie 09 Sandals (Cristal/Ash) - LG236G56C,New Balance Shoes Sale Wrt580Gm 580 Meteorite burgundy NE 4250,Women's LFL by Lust For Life Lana Sandals (Black) - YH876I10W,.

Nike Kyrie 2 Nike Kyrie 2 Inferno Bright Crimson Atomic 819583 680 Nike Kyrie 2 Effect Purchase Link

Immigration remains a politically charged issue in Japan, Women's Merrell Siren 2 Sport WTPF Black/Damson Sneakers (Black/,New Balance Shoes Sale M998Ctl orange NE 6539,Women's Naturalizer Uncover Flats (Black Smooth) - QW949K02B,. "My government has no intention of adopting a so-called immigration policy," Abe said in February.

Yet the total number of foreign residents in Japan has grown 20% in the last three years, reaching 2.6 million in 2017, or 2% of the total population. In Tokyo, one in eight residents who came of age this year were foreigners.

"Anyone wandering around Japan, from Hokkaido to Tokyo to Okinawa, knows that there is growing diversity in schools and the workplace," said Jeff Kingston, a professor at Temple University Japan. "Women's Nike Toki Slip Canvas White/Metallic Platinum Sneakers (,Nike Shoes Sale Roshe One Print blue/brigade blue/squadron blue/obsidian NI 6059,Women's Nine West Tatiana Black Reptile Heels (Black Leather) -,."

Kd 8 Ep Nike Kd Vi Elite Blue Volt Trainers88 Nike Kd Nike Shoe Cheap See Savings For Kd Nike Shoe C Foreign workers have become a part of everyday life in Japan, yet public debate on immigration remains limited. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

While foreign workers are now part of everyday life in Japan -- making ready-to-eat foods in convenience stores, growing fruits and vegetables on farms and sorting packages for delivery companies -- public debate has been limited.Women's Revere Santa Monica Sandals (Champagne) - MF082L02C,Nike Shoes Sale Juvenate Woven Premium phantom/malt/white/pearl white NI 7544,Women's Sam Edelman Felicia Flats (Black Leather) - TG084J75P,. As a result, Abe's position -- despite its apparent contradictions -- has faced no strong pushback from the public or politicians yet.

Many Japanese look at the deep divisions in the West over immigration and conclude that a more open policy should be avoided. Yet the steady relaxation of migration rules has not led to the social fissures seen elsewhere.

"Women's SKECHERS Performance Go Walk 3 Navy/White Sneakers (Blac,Nike Shoes Sale Air Huarache Run Ultra Br white///white NI 4238,Women's Steve Madden Elaine Flats (Black) - JC547B71X,, like all other countries, does have racist problems, but hate crime and hate speech are relatively Women's Think! 86381 Sandals (Black/Kombi) - JA907P42O,Onitsuka Tiger Shoes Sale X Makumo Mexico 66 - Natto red/natto kurenai/white ON 6010,Women's Vaneli Dayle Taupe E-Print Heels (Black E-Print) - BJ368,," Kingston said.

With Japan facing its tightest labor market in decades, the business community would like Abe to go further. The unemployment rate stands at 2.5%, the lowest level in 25 years. There are now 1.59 jobs for every job seeker, the highest ratio since 1974.

Kd Vii Ep Kd Vi Nike Shoes Cheap Want Huge Savings On Kids Shoes Nike Nike Kd V Men S Basketball Sho

Given Japan's demographics -- it is the world's oldest advanced economy -- the labor shortage is only going to intensify. The nation's working-age population, defined as those aged between 15 and 64, is expected to decrease more than 40% to 45 million over the next 50 years. By contrast, those aged 75 or older, dubbed the "super-elderly," are projected to make up more than a quarter of the population.

Cabbages and car parts

Adidas GAZELLE W (H88w5423) - Cwhite/Stibre/Ftwwht - Adidas Women Shoes Online,Puma Shoes Sale X Solange Suede Classic Lines brown/honey peach/black PU 6586,Nike AIR FORCE 1 '07 LX (L91l4264) - Black/Black Sail Sail - Nike Women Shoes Online,, and 60% are 65 or older. Most of their children have left for the city in search of better-paying office work.

Nike Roshe Two Flyknit (E74q4351) - Black White Max Orange - Nike Women Shoes Online,Reebok Shoes Sale Court Victory Pump red/team dark royal/white RE 3342,Ua Curry 2.5 Basketball Men Shoes Under Armour Curry One Women Online Sales Outlet Stephen Curry Kid,, the government's trainee program has allowed them to hold on to their livelihoods.

Among them is Kota Hirohara, 56, who raises cabbages on his small farm. On a recent May day, two Indonesian trainees were harvesting Hirohara's cabbages by hand with large nakiri, or vegetable knives. Hirohara says his farm is not big enough to need an expensive cabbage harvesting machine.

Lebron 13 Shoes Lebron Shoes For Sale Nike Air Lebron Slide South Beach Lebron 12 Ext Rc Release Dat Indonesian trainees harvest cabbages at a farm in Ibaraki Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

The two men, Muhamad Irvan Gustian and Farruq Fahlevi, both 21, can pick as many as 4,000 cabbages during their eight-hour workday. They also weed the fields, Air Jordan 6 Men Women Air Jordan Carmine 6 Size 12 Toptier Sneakers Jordan Retro 6 For Sale Ioffer,Saucony Shoes Sale Grid 9000 grey/blue SA 5394,New Balance 530 Men Women New Balance 993 Clearance Huge Sale Summer New Balance 530 Noirfonce Sneak,, where the temperature can reach 40 C in summer.

New Balance 580 Women New Balance 580 X Mita X Whiz Suplex Philadelphia New Balance 580 V4 New Balan,Vans Shoes Sale Sk8-Hi Slim green/gossamer/blanc VA 7755,New Balance 996 Men Women New Balance Wr996Bya X Beauty Youth Retro Sand Peach Nb 996 Revlite Men Be,. He speaks basic Japanese, which he picked up watching anime series such as "One Piece" and "Detective Conan."

Nike Air Huarache Utility Men Women Nike Huarache 09 N7 Special Edition Uproxx Huarache Nike Shoes N,Vans Shoes Sale Sk8-Hi Reissue Ca Floral Suede red/tango red VA 3898,Nike Air Max 90 Men Womens Air Max 90 Black At Kicksusa Buy Nike Air Max 90 Black Friday Huge Saving,," he said. "I want to do more work." He says he wants to run a big farm in Indonesia one day, perhaps growing rice or coffee.

Nike Air Max Zero Women Nike Air Max Zero Wholesale Nike Factory Store Womens Nike Air Max Zero Qs M,Adidas Mens Shoes / Black Onix Shoes Adidas Pure Boost RH65P27jn1e,Nike Free Run 5 Flyknit Men Nike Free Flyknit Discount Nike Flyknit Shoes Nike Nike Women S Nike Fre,.

Lebron 11 P.S Elite Authentic Nike Lebron 11 Elite Shoes For Sale Buy The Lebrons Wikipedia The Free A Vietnamese worker checks autoparts at a Shigeru plant in Gunma Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobyashi)

The workers at Shigeru make instrument panels used in the Outback, Impreza and other models. The company hires Japanese part-timers in response to changes in demand, but Masayoshi Tabata, general manager, says foreign trainees are more dependable. "Part-timers quit when they find better-paying jobs. Trainees stay for three years."

Nike Roshe Run Men Women Nike Roshe Run Sneaker Nike Roshe Run Sneaker Save Puma Shoes Clearance Sal,Adidas Mens Shoes / Black White Shoes Adidas Crazy Light Boost GG838337u1e,Nike Roshe Run Id Men Women Nike Roshe Run Hyperfuse Red Laser Sole Collector Roshe One Hyperfuse Be,.

Trainees are discouraged from going back to their country before finishing the three-year term or from having a child, and they cannot bring their spouse on the visa.

Off white x Nike Air VaporMax Women Men Sandals 850588-003 certificate,Adidas Mens Shoes / Mediium Lead White Black Shoes Adidas Adipure Crazyquick D32L31c1a,Alegria Womens Shoes / Cream Shoes Alegria Isabelle clog YU838611r11,.

International pressure and media reports led to a law change in November 2017, allowing only certified organizations to participate in the trainee program. Criminal penalties were introduced for mistreatment of workers while a new government agency has been given a legal mandate to conduct random inspections. A whistleblower system has also been created that allows cases of abuse to be reported via email, a telephone hotline or a dedicated website. Most trainees have smartphones with them and have Wi-Fi access in their dormitories.

Fast-track system for tech workers

Bernie Mev Womens Shoes / Pewter Shoes Bernie Mev Cuddly Slip-on Shoes FG512004c1x,Adidas Mens Shoes / Solar Red White Night Flash Shoes Adidas Predito Instinct Tf FH21J54k1j,Clarks Womens Shoes / Black Shoes Clarks Pitch Vienna Wedge Sandals AY288240w1y,.

Curry 2 Shoes First Look Under Armour Speedform Gemini 2 Record Equipped Under Armour Running Stephe Internet company Rakuten, based in Tokyo, has been actively recruiting foreign talent. (Photo by Yasunori Okamura)

Naot Womens Shoes / Metal Ladies Shoes Naot Madison Low Wedge Sandals DE855826j16,Adidas Mens Shoes / White White Platinum Shoes Adidas Nastyquick Mid SG59L22h1y,Nine West Womens Shoes / Wine Suede Shoes Nine West Angellica High Heel Sandals FD535826b1d,. technology companies like Google and Uber in the emerging fields of autonomous driving, artificial intelligence, ride-sharing and the internet of things. In these new fields, the flow of ideas -- and people -- is vital.

"It is impossible for Japanese to create a very competitive technology-based company unless we globalize internally,Pikolinos Womens Shoes / Tan Blue Ladies Shoes Pikolinos alcudia low heel Sandals RY319657d1jn,Adidas Originals Mens Shoes / Red White Bright Red Boys Shoes Adidas Originals Superstar 2 RU58231621z,Ros Hommerson Womens Shoes / Bronze Shoes Ros Hommerson Cabernet plain Pump RF4339761r,, CEO of Japanese e-commerce company Rakuten, at an in-house seminar last year.

At Rakuten's Japanese headquarters in a Tokyo suburb, a quarter of its roughly 6,000 employees are foreigners. The company hires about 400 engineers every year, of which 70% are non-Japanese, mainly Indians and Chinese.

Rakuten's push for global talent began in 2009, Skechers Womens Shoes / Black Shoes Skechers Eldred slip resist Work FD289200c1b,Asics Mens Shoes / Cloud Titanium Yellow Shoes Asics 33 - Fa HH16P51u1jn,Sperry Womens Shoes / Cognac Ladies Shoes Sperry Alvina Low Wedge Sandals HH156812x1n,.

Air Jordan 11 Men Are Space Jam Air Jordan 11S Coming Back Solecollector 11 Jordan Retro Shoe Air Jo Foreign students attend a job fair in Tokyo. Japanese companies, including e-commerce player Rakuten, are increasingly looking for international talent. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

Mikitani's revelation came during a lunch session with Indian engineers. Teva Womens Shoes / Coral Girls Shoes Teva Original Flip Thong Sandals FG353539d1h,Asics Mens Shoes / White Royal Black Shoes Asics Gt-2000 V3 WF13Y64m1c,Vionic By Orthaheel Womens Shoes / Tan Leopard Shoes Vionic Georgia low heel Ankle Boots ES28622531c,.

Amit Agrawal, a 35-year-old engineer from India, is one of those who were hired by Rakuten.

"Most Japanese companies don't accept non-Japanese speakers. Rakuten is one of the companies that accept non-Japanese-speaking people," said Agrawal, who works in a massive open room that is almost entirely filled by foreign workers. UK Online E3N9V Nike Air Max 90 Women's Shoes - Grey/Pink/White,New Balance Mens Shoes / Red Blue Shoes New Balance 850 BU155234n1w,2015 New Women's ASICS Hera Deux Single Tab Low Cut Socks Black/WOW,, via a loyalty point system.

"Rakuten is basically an e-commerce company, but we are moving into other businesses also. I wanted to work in the latest technologies," 2015 Women's Nike Epic Lux Tight Black,Nike Mens Shoes / Anthracite Photo Blue Shoes Nike Huarache 4 Lacrosse HU822471a1a,Buy Cheap Women's ASICS Cleo Pop Barre Tight Geotribal Print,.

Family ties

But IT workers are an exception. Most others, even skilled workers, face significant hurdles to settling in Japan.

Air Jordan 3 Air Jordan 3 Retro Black Cement Nice Kicks Air Jordan 6 Retro Infrared 23 Eastbay Blog Marliezl Abud, left, and a fellow Philippine worker talk to an elderly woman at a care center in Tokyo. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

One of the biggest difficulties has to do with restrictions on allowing family members to accompany workers -- a move designed to prevent permanent immigration. Though they are starting to loosen for a small number of the most skilled workers, such restrictions may limit Japan's allure as a destination for people with sought-after training. 

Among those whose skills are in great demand is Marliezl Abud, Buy Women's Prana Gondola Pant Black,Nike Mens Shoes / Black Hyper Punch Black Shoes Nike Mercurial Veloce Ii Ag AU468884b1d,Men's John Varvatos Vintage Lace Boot Boots (Black Multi) - RN44,, Care Port Itabashi.  

Men's Keen Utility Braddock Mid AL Bison/Ensign Blue Boots (Biso,Nike Mens Shoes / Black Shoes Nike Fs Lite Run 2 RH13Ga1f,Men's Laredo Jacksonville Black Boots (Black) - GN048D53F,, it entered economic partnership agreements with the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam that would allow up to 900 caregivers a year to come work in the country for up to four or five years each. 

Air Jordan 5 Men Sneakers Jordan Cheap See Savings For Sneakers Jordan Jordan Retro 5 Original Want

Abud was able to come to Japan through this program, but the hurdles were high. Only those with a four-year-college degree and a Philippine qualification as a caregiver were accepted. Men's Messico Higino Oxfords (Grey Print Textile/Grey Leather) -,Nike Mens Shoes / Black White Shoes Nike Air Diamond Trainer HY59Fx1jn,Men's New Balance Vazee Rush Sneakers (Grey/Red) - UM087M31F,.  

She sends most of her salary to her parents and sisters back in the Philippines. Her younger sister has a daughter who is going on to private school, and Abud's earnings contribute to her niece's education.

Abud felt a crushing homesickness at first. But after she had passed the local exam, Men's Nunn Bush Kent Penny Loafer Black Loafers (Black) - UQ760K,Nike Mens Shoes / Cool Grey Gym Red Wolf Grey Volt Shoes Nike Wild Trail EG81Y66r19,Men's Propet Blizzard Mid Zip Brown/Black Boots (Brown/Black) -,. She likes the shopping, too.

But she and her husband see possible obstacles ahead for their lives in Japan. Her visa allows her husband to work only up to 28 hours a week, which could pose problems if they start a family.

"I want to have a child next year," Men's Rockport Essential Details Waterproof Wing Tip Black Oxfor,Nike Mens Shoes / Flat Silver Dark Grey Metallic Silver Black Shoes Nike Air Max Ltd RS552372jn1,Men's Saucony Originals Grid 9000 Light Grey Sneakers (Black/Cre,."

Men's Stacy Adams Flynn Sand/Oyster Suede Loafers (Black Suede),

Subscribe to get unlimited access to all articles.

Men's Tempur-Pedic Advection Chocolate Slippers (Black) - WC536T,Salomon Mens Shoes / Canary Yellow Bright Red Black Shoes Salomon Speedcross 3 YY14Fe14,Men's Under Armour UA Fierce Phantom Low MC Sneakers (Black/Whit,
NAR site on phone, device, tablet

Men's Woolrich Lewisburg Charcoal Plaid '14 Slippers (Charcoal P,

Subscribe to get unlimited access to all articles.

3 months for $9

Adidas TUBULAR DOOM PK (Z33d3147) - Vintage White - Adidas Men Shoes Online,Timberland Mens Shoes / Wheat Shoes Timberland 6" Premium Waterproof Boots RU566362n1c,Air Jordan 4 Retro Premium (I34v7436) - Obsidian White - Jordan Men Shoes Online,
NAR site on phone, device, tablet

Your trial period has expired

You need a subscription to...

New Balance M998CSAM (Z87s5407) - Green/White - New Balance Men Shoes Online,Warrior Mens Shoes / White Red Shoes Warrior Burn 8.0 Mid KT56D01v,Nike NikeLab Dunk Lux Low (X60g6562) - Arctic Orange White - Nike Men Shoes Online,

Your full access to the Nikkei Asian Review has expired

You need a subscription to:

Nike Air Presto Essential (L5u1009) - Black/Pine Green/Neutral Grey - Nike Men Shoes Online,Obuv Nike Panske Air Max 1 Ultra Essential Biele/Platina/Tmavo Siva SK491257,Reebok Cl Leather PN (T8v3449) - Grey/White - Reebok Men Shoes Online,
Kobe X Ep New Nike Zoom Kobe Venomenon 5 Ep Black Dark Kobe Bryant The Black Mamba Ph Nike Zoom Kobe,Cheap UK F1N6W Nike Air Max 90 Prem Tape Men's Shoes - Brown/Black/Grey/Green,Kobe Xi Elite Nike Kobe Xi Elite Low Bhm Black History Month Mens Nike Kobe Xi Achilles Heel Size 11,
  • Adidas Ace 16.1 Fg/Ag Mens Solar Green/Shock Pink/Black Soccer Shoes V76946
  • VANS CLASSIC SLIP-ON CHECKER BLACK WHITE VN000EYEBWW [S1k3445]
  • Cheap Nike Lebron 9 Low - Floridians #510811-800
  • New Adidas Originals Ornamental Block AOP Multicolor Track Top for Men On Sale
  • Popular Concave Volt 2.0 Fg Shoes Red Mens 9396
  • Buy now Nike Jamaza - [8.5] Black White anthracite 41664970 for Women
  • Women Nike Flyknit Trainer Unisex Running Shoes - Orange Gray N83p4066 store for sale clearance
  • The Most Popular Nike Windrunner Og Sail/Black For Women On Sale
  • Puma Sky Women Lifestyle Shoes Virtual Pink IE36T
  • Reebok Women's Realflex Train 4.0 Cross-Trainer Shoe Gravel/Black/White
  • Tommy Hilfiger Ladonna Marine
  • NZ Nike Mercurial Vortex IC Fotoball Trainers Shoes Mens Crimson/Volt 406765BK
  • Nike Performance Men's Shoes MERCURIAL VAPOR X SG-PRO - Football boots - white/volt/hyper pink
  • Cheap Nike Kyrie Irving 3 - White Red Black
  • Nike KD 6 NSW Lifestyle QS “People’s Champ” Denim Blue/Ale Brown-University Red Sale
  • Men's - Adidas Adi AR-D1 Low Urban Trail / Urban Trail / Black Shoes
  • adidas Superstar Foundation Mens Shoes Black White
  • Cheep Philipp Plein Shoes Men VGF3368
  • 1711 adidas Originals Varial Mid Men 's Sneakers Sports Shoes BY4060
  • UK Online J8O2G Nike Free 3.0 Men's Running Shoes - Yellow/Black