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"I've chosen the construction industry because the work involves lots of communication and helps improve my Japanese," Hoang said, in fluent Japanese. He eventually wants to work as a translator in Japan, and hopes that his fiancee will be able to join him there one day.
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Without fanfare, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has steadily loosened Japan's once tightly controlled visa policy, resulting in an almost doubling of the number of foreign workers in Japan to 1.28 million over the last five years. In its latest move, Abe's government is expected to create a new class of five-year work permits for unskilled workers in hopes of attracting more than 500,000 new overseas workers by 2025. The new guidelines, to be finalized in June, will ease language requirements for foreign workers in construction, Women Adidas X Lite TM SG & Core Orange,Rugby Men Mizuno Junior Timaru Rugby Boots - AW15 White Provide,Women Adidas adipure 360.3 & Core Black,.
Immigration remains a politically charged issue in Japan, Wholesale Adidas Marathon Flyknit Men Comprar zapatos Adidas Marathon TR 13 Espa a Adidas Adizero XT 5 Women's Trail Running Shoes Salomon XT Wings HKRunners,Rockport Dusty Azure Waxed Calf Total Motion Balletv RDC471729,UK.Shoes UGG Dahlen Women's Black 1499260,. "My government has no intention of adopting a so-called immigration policy," Abe said in February.
Yet the total number of foreign residents in Japan has grown 20% in the last three years, reaching 2.6 million in 2017, or 2% of the total population. In Tokyo, one in eight residents who came of age this year were foreigners.
"Anyone wandering around Japan, from Hokkaido to Tokyo to Okinawa, knows that there is growing diversity in schools and the workplace," said Jeff Kingston, a professor at Temple University Japan. "UK.Shoes Lebron James 13 Women Red White Nike Lebron 13 Away For Sale Outlet Sale,Retro Air Jordan 4 Black Purple White 31159-103 For Gils Shoes,Top Quality Nike Free 3.0 V5 Womens Mint Green Official,."
While foreign workers are now part of everyday life in Japan -- making ready-to-eat foods in convenience stores, growing fruits and vegetables on farms and sorting packages for delivery companies -- public debate has been limited.Thick New Balance 574 ML Men Women New Balance ML574 Camper Pack Running Shoe Simply Kicks New Balance Classics Shop New Balance Shoes NORDSTROM,Reebok Zig Sonic Men's Running Shoe Men Shark/Kiwi Green/Malibu Blue,Thick Adidas High Top Men Women adidas high top basketball shoes eBay adidas High Tops Shoes Sneakers adidas AU adidas hi tops Gumtree,. As a result, Abe's position -- despite its apparent contradictions -- has faced no strong pushback from the public or politicians yet.
Many Japanese look at the deep divisions in the West over immigration and conclude that a more open policy should be avoided. Yet the steady relaxation of migration rules has not led to the social fissures seen elsewhere.
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With Japan facing its tightest labor market in decades, the business community would like Abe to go further. The unemployment rate stands at 2.5%, the lowest level in 25 years. There are now 1.59 jobs for every job seeker, the highest ratio since 1974.
Given Japan's demographics -- it is the world's oldest advanced economy -- the labor shortage is only going to intensify. The nation's working-age population, defined as those aged between 15 and 64, is expected to decrease more than 40% to 45 million over the next 50 years. By contrast, those aged 75 or older, dubbed the "super-elderly," are projected to make up more than a quarter of the population.
Cabbages and car parts
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Among them is Kota Hirohara, 56, who raises cabbages on his small farm. On a recent May day, two Indonesian trainees were harvesting Hirohara's cabbages by hand with large nakiri, or vegetable knives. Hirohara says his farm is not big enough to need an expensive cabbage harvesting machine.
The two men, Muhamad Irvan Gustian and Farruq Fahlevi, both 21, can pick as many as 4,000 cabbages during their eight-hour workday. They also weed the fields, Rare Lacoste Women White Showcourt Lace&Nbsp Trainer Wrinkle-Free,Rachel Zoe Bronze Pearlized/Nappa Pierre BLQ702473,Pumps & Heels Women Sam Edelman Oleanna Pump Coral 100% Guaranteed,, where the temperature can reach 40 C in summer.
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The workers at Shigeru make instrument panels used in the Outback, Impreza and other models. The company hires Japanese part-timers in response to changes in demand, but Masayoshi Tabata, general manager, says foreign trainees are more dependable. "Part-timers quit when they find better-paying jobs. Trainees stay for three years."
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Trainees are discouraged from going back to their country before finishing the three-year term or from having a child, and they cannot bring their spouse on the visa.
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International pressure and media reports led to a law change in November 2017, allowing only certified organizations to participate in the trainee program. Criminal penalties were introduced for mistreatment of workers while a new government agency has been given a legal mandate to conduct random inspections. A whistleblower system has also been created that allows cases of abuse to be reported via email, a telephone hotline or a dedicated website. Most trainees have smartphones with them and have Wi-Fi access in their dormitories.
Fast-track system for tech workers
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At Rakuten's Japanese headquarters in a Tokyo suburb, a quarter of its roughly 6,000 employees are foreigners. The company hires about 400 engineers every year, of which 70% are non-Japanese, mainly Indians and Chinese.
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Amit Agrawal, a 35-year-old engineer from India, is one of those who were hired by Rakuten.
"Most Japanese companies don't accept non-Japanese speakers. Rakuten is one of the companies that accept non-Japanese-speaking people," said Agrawal, who works in a massive open room that is almost entirely filled by foreign workers. 2017 Wholesale Cheap Nike LeBron 15 Black Yellow-Red For Sale,Adidas Yeezy 350 Really Cool Boost Pirate Black Women,Air Jordan 1 Retro High OG Bred Toe 2018 To Buy,, via a loyalty point system.
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But IT workers are an exception. Most others, even skilled workers, face significant hurdles to settling in Japan.
One of the biggest difficulties has to do with restrictions on allowing family members to accompany workers -- a move designed to prevent permanent immigration. Though they are starting to loosen for a small number of the most skilled workers, such restrictions may limit Japan's allure as a destination for people with sought-after training.
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Abud was able to come to Japan through this program, but the hurdles were high. Only those with a four-year-college degree and a Philippine qualification as a caregiver were accepted. Cheap Hyperdunk 2014 Fire Red Navy Blue White,Cheap Jordann 6 Women Blue Green Pink,Cheap KD VII White Black Gold,.
She sends most of her salary to her parents and sisters back in the Philippines. Her younger sister has a daughter who is going on to private school, and Abud's earnings contribute to her niece's education.
Abud felt a crushing homesickness at first. But after she had passed the local exam, Cheap Lebron 12 All Star Black White Red Grey,Cheap Nike Air Max 2017 Rubber Patch Women Blue Pink,Cheap Lebron 14 XIV Grey Blue Yellow,. She likes the shopping, too.
But she and her husband see possible obstacles ahead for their lives in Japan. Her visa allows her husband to work only up to 28 hours a week, which could pose problems if they start a family.
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