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"I've chosen the construction industry because the work involves lots of communication and helps improve my Japanese," Hoang said, in fluent Japanese. He eventually wants to work as a translator in Japan, and hopes that his fiancee will be able to join him there one day.
His employer, AIR MAX LTD 01 Mens Shoes Cheap Orange White,Adidas Originals C 10 Shoes Black Chrome Black For MenAir Max Ltd 2 Mens Shoes Smart Black,, said trainees like Hoang are indispensable for his company of 32. "Foreign trainees learn faster than Japanese," Maeda said. "They are more serious, more hardworking, and take fewer days off. They are keen to learn and work hard for money. black suede nike air force 1 high top,Adidas Originals Busenitz ADV Shoes Grey For MenBuy Cheap Nike KD 7 2014 White Black Gold Mens Shoes,. Like other industries in a rapidly aging Japan, the construction business is desperate for labor. Buy Cheap Nike Kobe 9 2014 Low Weave Purple White Mens Shoes,Nike TW '14 Mesh Golf Shoes Base Grey Legion Red Dark Base Grey Black For MenBuy Cheap Nike Lebron 12 2015 Jade Black Orange Mens Shoes,. As baby boomers retire, the labor shortage -- in construction and in the wider economy -- is bound to become more acute.
The demand for construction workers is intensifying before the 2020 Olympics, Buy Mercurial Victory X Tf Powder All Black,Nike Lunar Waverly Golf Shoes Black Pure Platinum Volt For MenCheap Nike Free 2012 Mens Running Shoes Wool Skin For Winter On Sale Black White,, the program has boomed in recent years -- and is one reason that the number of foreign workers in Japan has nearly quadrupled over the last decade.
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Without fanfare, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has steadily loosened Japan's once tightly controlled visa policy, resulting in an almost doubling of the number of foreign workers in Japan to 1.28 million over the last five years. In its latest move, Abe's government is expected to create a new class of five-year work permits for unskilled workers in hopes of attracting more than 500,000 new overseas workers by 2025. The new guidelines, to be finalized in June, will ease language requirements for foreign workers in construction, FIFA World Cup Brazil Nike Magista Opus FG soccer boots green pink black,Nike Vapor Carbon 2014 Elite Football Cleat Volt Photo Blue Challenge Red Black For MenHot Sale 2013 Online Nike Air Max BW Mens Shoes Fur Black White Red,.
Immigration remains a politically charged issue in Japan, Jordan Fly 23 Spiderman Mens Shoes Black Blue Wholesale,Adidas Football Adizero 5 Star 4 0 Pro Cleats Collegiate Royal Collegiate Royal Light Scarlet For MeMen's Air Griffey Max Shoes in 24400,. "My government has no intention of adopting a so-called immigration policy," Abe said in February.
Yet the total number of foreign residents in Japan has grown 20% in the last three years, reaching 2.6 million in 2017, or 2% of the total population. In Tokyo, one in eight residents who came of age this year were foreigners.
"Anyone wandering around Japan, from Hokkaido to Tokyo to Okinawa, knows that there is growing diversity in schools and the workplace," said Jeff Kingston, a professor at Temple University Japan. "Men's Nike Zoom Hyperfuse XDR Shoes in 23786,Nike Vapor Carbon 2014 Elite TD PF Football Cleat University Red White University Gold For MenNew Nike Air Max 2015 Mens Shoes White / Black / Orange Discount,."
While foreign workers are now part of everyday life in Japan -- making ready-to-eat foods in convenience stores, growing fruits and vegetables on farms and sorting packages for delivery companies -- public debate has been limited.New Release Nike Air Max 2013 Punching Mens Shoes White Red,Jordan 6 Retro TD Football Cleat White Black For MenNike Air Foamposite Sneakers For Men in 60765,. As a result, Abe's position -- despite its apparent contradictions -- has faced no strong pushback from the public or politicians yet.
Many Japanese look at the deep divisions in the West over immigration and conclude that a more open policy should be avoided. Yet the steady relaxation of migration rules has not led to the social fissures seen elsewhere.
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With Japan facing its tightest labor market in decades, the business community would like Abe to go further. The unemployment rate stands at 2.5%, the lowest level in 25 years. There are now 1.59 jobs for every job seeker, the highest ratio since 1974.
Given Japan's demographics -- it is the world's oldest advanced economy -- the labor shortage is only going to intensify. The nation's working-age population, defined as those aged between 15 and 64, is expected to decrease more than 40% to 45 million over the next 50 years. By contrast, those aged 75 or older, dubbed the "super-elderly," are projected to make up more than a quarter of the population.
Cabbages and car parts
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Among them is Kota Hirohara, 56, who raises cabbages on his small farm. On a recent May day, two Indonesian trainees were harvesting Hirohara's cabbages by hand with large nakiri, or vegetable knives. Hirohara says his farm is not big enough to need an expensive cabbage harvesting machine.
The two men, Muhamad Irvan Gustian and Farruq Fahlevi, both 21, can pick as many as 4,000 cabbages during their eight-hour workday. They also weed the fields, Nike Air Max TN Cushioning Mens Shoes black red,LeBron 12 Basketball Shoes Hyper Turquoise Metallic Cool Grey Hyper Crimson Black For MenNike Air Max TN I Mens Shoes gold silver white,, where the temperature can reach 40 C in summer.
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The workers at Shigeru make instrument panels used in the Outback, Impreza and other models. The company hires Japanese part-timers in response to changes in demand, but Masayoshi Tabata, general manager, says foreign trainees are more dependable. "Part-timers quit when they find better-paying jobs. Trainees stay for three years."
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Trainees are discouraged from going back to their country before finishing the three-year term or from having a child, and they cannot bring their spouse on the visa.
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International pressure and media reports led to a law change in November 2017, allowing only certified organizations to participate in the trainee program. Criminal penalties were introduced for mistreatment of workers while a new government agency has been given a legal mandate to conduct random inspections. A whistleblower system has also been created that allows cases of abuse to be reported via email, a telephone hotline or a dedicated website. Most trainees have smartphones with them and have Wi-Fi access in their dormitories.
Fast-track system for tech workers
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At Rakuten's Japanese headquarters in a Tokyo suburb, a quarter of its roughly 6,000 employees are foreigners. The company hires about 400 engineers every year, of which 70% are non-Japanese, mainly Indians and Chinese.
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Amit Agrawal, a 35-year-old engineer from India, is one of those who were hired by Rakuten.
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But IT workers are an exception. Most others, even skilled workers, face significant hurdles to settling in Japan.
One of the biggest difficulties has to do with restrictions on allowing family members to accompany workers -- a move designed to prevent permanent immigration. Though they are starting to loosen for a small number of the most skilled workers, such restrictions may limit Japan's allure as a destination for people with sought-after training.
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She sends most of her salary to her parents and sisters back in the Philippines. Her younger sister has a daughter who is going on to private school, and Abud's earnings contribute to her niece's education.
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But she and her husband see possible obstacles ahead for their lives in Japan. Her visa allows her husband to work only up to 28 hours a week, which could pose problems if they start a family.
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