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"I've chosen the construction industry because the work involves lots of communication and helps improve my Japanese," Hoang said, in fluent Japanese. He eventually wants to work as a translator in Japan, and hopes that his fiancee will be able to join him there one day.
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Without fanfare, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has steadily loosened Japan's once tightly controlled visa policy, resulting in an almost doubling of the number of foreign workers in Japan to 1.28 million over the last five years. In its latest move, Abe's government is expected to create a new class of five-year work permits for unskilled workers in hopes of attracting more than 500,000 new overseas workers by 2025. The new guidelines, to be finalized in June, will ease language requirements for foreign workers in construction, Nike Latest 2015 Air Huarache Run Nm 2 Men Running Shoes Red Black Grass Green,Nike Mens Shoes / Volt Turbo Green Shoes Nike Free Trainer 5.0 HG84T65x1yNike Kyrie 4 Confetti Multi Color Multi Color Cheap Basketball Shoes For Sale Online Num: AAA228,.
Immigration remains a politically charged issue in Japan, Nike Kyrie 2 II EP Effect Men Shoes White Red Orange 838639,Nike Mens Shoes / Volt Metallic Gold Black Shoes Nike Magista Opus Sg Pro RH25U67714Nike Kobe X Vino Men Nike Zoom Kobe IX outlet EM XDR Kobe Mens Basketball shoes Nike Zoom Kobe X 10 Mens Shoes Purple Yellow Red 2015 Nike Zoom Kobe X 10 black stores blue orange UK men,. "My government has no intention of adopting a so-called immigration policy," Abe said in February.
Yet the total number of foreign residents in Japan has grown 20% in the last three years, reaching 2.6 million in 2017, or 2% of the total population. In Tokyo, one in eight residents who came of age this year were foreigners.
"Anyone wandering around Japan, from Hokkaido to Tokyo to Okinawa, knows that there is growing diversity in schools and the workplace," said Jeff Kingston, a professor at Temple University Japan. "Nike Kobe Brand 11 Elite GCR Men Nike Kobe Brand 11 Achilles Heel The Boombox wholesale Nike Kobe Brand XI 11 Sunset Release Date Sole Collector KOBE 11 ELITE LOW 4KB themagnoliapark,Nike Mens Shoes / Volt Black Hyper Pink Shoes Nike Mercurial Vortex Ii Fg YG88J32y1Nike Kobe 7 start 11 Elite GCR Men new Nike Kobe 7 start 11 Elite 4KB Red Horse outlet Sneakers Where To Kick of the Day Nike Kobe 7 start 11 Elite Low SLAMonline Nike Kobe 7 start XI EM Low Summer hanon,."
While foreign workers are now part of everyday life in Japan -- making ready-to-eat foods in convenience stores, growing fruits and vegetables on farms and sorting packages for delivery companies -- public debate has been limited.Nike Kobe 11 Elite GCR Men Nike Kobe XI Elite Low BHM Multi Color Game Royal discount White 11 Nike Kobe 11 All Star Game Hoodie Nike Kobe XI Elite Low Cool Grey University,Nike Mens Shoes / Varsity Red Met Gold Black Shoes Nike Romaleos Ii Power Lifting BD268756h16Nike Kobe 11 Elite GCR Men Nike Kobe 11 3D modern Man Kobe Bryant Bicycle Nike Kobe 11 Mamba Day iD Releases At Tipoff Of Bryant s Authentic,. As a result, Abe's position -- despite its apparent contradictions -- has faced no strong pushback from the public or politicians yet.
Many Japanese look at the deep divisions in the West over immigration and conclude that a more open policy should be avoided. Yet the steady relaxation of migration rules has not led to the social fissures seen elsewhere.
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With Japan facing its tightest labor market in decades, the business community would like Abe to go further. The unemployment rate stands at 2.5%, the lowest level in 25 years. There are now 1.59 jobs for every job seeker, the highest ratio since 1974.
Given Japan's demographics -- it is the world's oldest advanced economy -- the labor shortage is only going to intensify. The nation's working-age population, defined as those aged between 15 and 64, is expected to decrease more than 40% to 45 million over the next 50 years. By contrast, those aged 75 or older, dubbed the "super-elderly," are projected to make up more than a quarter of the population.
Cabbages and car parts
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Among them is Kota Hirohara, 56, who raises cabbages on his small farm. On a recent May day, two Indonesian trainees were harvesting Hirohara's cabbages by hand with large nakiri, or vegetable knives. Hirohara says his farm is not big enough to need an expensive cabbage harvesting machine.
The two men, Muhamad Irvan Gustian and Farruq Fahlevi, both 21, can pick as many as 4,000 cabbages during their eight-hour workday. They also weed the fields, Nike Hypervenom Phantom II FG ACC Soccers Footabll Shoes Low White Green Grey,Nike Mens Shoes / Silver Volt Summit White Black Shoes Nike Zoom Structure + 17 S43R55j17Nike Hyperdunk 2016 Low EP Men Basketball Shoes Rio Olympic USA Red Blue White 844364,, where the temperature can reach 40 C in summer.
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The workers at Shigeru make instrument panels used in the Outback, Impreza and other models. The company hires Japanese part-timers in response to changes in demand, but Masayoshi Tabata, general manager, says foreign trainees are more dependable. "Part-timers quit when they find better-paying jobs. Trainees stay for three years."
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Trainees are discouraged from going back to their country before finishing the three-year term or from having a child, and they cannot bring their spouse on the visa.
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International pressure and media reports led to a law change in November 2017, allowing only certified organizations to participate in the trainee program. Criminal penalties were introduced for mistreatment of workers while a new government agency has been given a legal mandate to conduct random inspections. A whistleblower system has also been created that allows cases of abuse to be reported via email, a telephone hotline or a dedicated website. Most trainees have smartphones with them and have Wi-Fi access in their dormitories.
Fast-track system for tech workers
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At Rakuten's Japanese headquarters in a Tokyo suburb, a quarter of its roughly 6,000 employees are foreigners. The company hires about 400 engineers every year, of which 70% are non-Japanese, mainly Indians and Chinese.
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Amit Agrawal, a 35-year-old engineer from India, is one of those who were hired by Rakuten.
"Most Japanese companies don't accept non-Japanese speakers. Rakuten is one of the companies that accept non-Japanese-speaking people," said Agrawal, who works in a massive open room that is almost entirely filled by foreign workers. Nike Factory Sale Nike Jordan Phase 23 Classic Royal Blue Black Shoes Online,Nike Mens Shoes / Kobe Bryant Boys Shoes Nike Kobe Ix Em YH51E712Nike Factory Sale Mens Air Jordan 8 (VIII) Retro Black Chrome Shoes Online,, via a loyalty point system.
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But IT workers are an exception. Most others, even skilled workers, face significant hurdles to settling in Japan.
One of the biggest difficulties has to do with restrictions on allowing family members to accompany workers -- a move designed to prevent permanent immigration. Though they are starting to loosen for a small number of the most skilled workers, such restrictions may limit Japan's allure as a destination for people with sought-after training.
Among those whose skills are in great demand is Marliezl Abud, Nike Factory Sale Air Jordan 12 Retro 15LAB12 Lab Series All White Metallic Gold Online,Nike Mens Shoes / Hyper Crimson Atomic Orange White Shoes Nike Hypervenom Phelon Tf WU33Y97c1fNike Factory Sale 2016 Mens Air Jordan 13 Avengers Custom Black Shoes Online,, Care Port Itabashi.
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Abud was able to come to Japan through this program, but the hurdles were high. Only those with a four-year-college degree and a Philippine qualification as a caregiver were accepted. Nike Factory Sale 2015 Air Jordan 11 (XI) Retro Low Blue Snake White Black Shoes Online,Nike Mens Shoes / Game Red White Black Shoes Nike Vapor Carbon 2014 Elite Td RW516663r1hNike Dunk SB New Mid Cut Mens Shoes yellow black IHUE5 Offi,.
She sends most of her salary to her parents and sisters back in the Philippines. Her younger sister has a daughter who is going on to private school, and Abud's earnings contribute to her niece's education.
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But she and her husband see possible obstacles ahead for their lives in Japan. Her visa allows her husband to work only up to 28 hours a week, which could pose problems if they start a family.
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