Nike Shoes Online Shopping Zoom Lebron 9.5 Mens on Sale White Black Gold Farruq Fahlevi, left, and Muhamad Irvan Gustian, both from Indonesia, work on a farm harvesting cabbages in Ibaraki Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)
Cover Story

Famous for its resistance to immigration, Japan opens its doors

Number of foreign workers doubles in five years as nation faces labor crisis

Nike Mens Shoes / Cool Grey Wolf Grey Volt Shoes Nike Free Trainer 5.0 R55P55218,NIKE SB ZOOM Real DUNK HI PRO University Red 854851-661 Latest,Nike Mens Shoes / Challenge Red Black Tour Yellow Challenge Red Shoes Nike Lunar Raid R85P3921y,. Along with a group of Japanese colleagues, they will spend the day moving heavy wooden pilings and pouring concrete for the foundation of a seven-story condominium block. 

It is demanding work, Nike Mens Shoes / Black White Volt Boys Shoes Nike Vapor Keystone 2 Low BY659136v1z,Nike SB TrainerEndor Leather Men's Shoes Cool Grey/Dark Grey/Wolf Grey/Black,Nike Mens Shoes / Black White Game Red Volt Shoes Nike Vapor Shark RE45Y66e17,.

"I've chosen the construction industry because the work involves lots of communication and helps improve my Japanese," Hoang said, in fluent Japanese. He eventually wants to work as a translator in Japan, and hopes that his fiancee will be able to join him there one day.

His employer, Nike Mens Shoes / Black Team Orange Anthracite White Shoes Nike Prime Hype Df RE44T3811d,Nike SB Stefan Janoski Max Mid Men's Skateboarding Shoes Black/Dark Grey/White/Black,Nike Mens Shoes / Black Metallic Silver Challenge Red Shoes Nike Alpha Pro Low Td H61L57r1u,, said trainees like Hoang are indispensable for his company of 32. "Foreign trainees learn faster than Japanese," Maeda said. "They are more serious, more hardworking, and take fewer days off. They are keen to learn and work hard for money. Nike Mens Shoes / Black Gym Red Anthracite White Shoes Nike Air Max Plus KF82Tn1a,Nike SB Stefan Janoski Athletic Shoes Children Military Blue / Anthracite / Black / White,Nike Mens Shoes / Black Black Shoes Nike Free Trainer 5.0 HF39Dm1c,. Like other industries in a rapidly aging Japan, the construction business is desperate for labor. Nike Mens Shoes / Atomic Orange Total Orange Black Boys Shoes Nike Ctr360 Trequartista Iii Ag DY468188a1v,Nike SB Rabona Athletic Shoes Armory Navy / White / Gum Medium Brown / Black,Nike Men Kobe Venomenon 5 LMTD EP Basketball Shoes Orange Silver 749884 001,. As baby boomers retire, the labor shortage -- in construction and in the wider economy -- is bound to become more acute.

Nike Air Max 95 TT Awesome Vietnamese trainee Dang Ngoc Hoang works at a building site in Tokyo. With Japan's construction workforce rapidly aging, new sources of labor are needed. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

The demand for construction workers is intensifying before the 2020 Olympics, Nike Lunartempo 2 Men White/Pure Platinum/Black Running Shoes,Nike SB Paul Rodriguez 7 VR Athletic Shoes Black / Lt Crimson / Dark Grey Base,Nike LunarEpic Flyknit Running Shoes Sneakers Green White Black 818676-002,, the program has boomed in recent years -- and is one reason that the number of foreign workers in Japan has nearly quadrupled over the last decade.

Nike Lunar Force 1 Fuse Prm Qs Men Basketball Shoes Black,Nike SB Mens Shoes / Team Red Laser Crimson White Shoes Nike Sb Eric Koston 2 FH36R219,Nike Low Zoom Kobe Dream Season Iii 3 Men Basketball Shoes,, Japan is in the midst of a quiet revolution when it comes to immigrant workers. Nike Low Cut 2012 Dunk Sb Men Skateboard Shoes Purple Black White,Nike SB Mens Shoes / Blue Lagoon Obsidian Clearwater White Shoes Nike Sb Zoom Stefan Janoski DY61I28z1c,Nike Light Base Grey White Volt Crimson Zoom Vomero 9 XKA158771,.

Without fanfare, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has steadily loosened Japan's once tightly controlled visa policy, resulting in an almost doubling of the number of foreign workers in Japan to 1.28 million over the last five years. In its latest move, Abe's government is expected to create a new class of  five-year work permits for unskilled workers in hopes of attracting more than 500,000 new overseas workers by 2025. The new guidelines, to be finalized in June, will ease language requirements for foreign workers in construction, Nike LeBron XIII (0-4c) Infants Bootie Mulberry/Pure Platinum/Vivid Purple/Black,Nike SB Mens Shoes / Black Gym Medium Brown White Shoes Nike Sb Satire EY35Jj1r,Nike Lebron James 9 Low Blue White Black Basketball Shoes,.

Nike Air Max 95 360 Drawing Men Running Shoes Black

Immigration remains a politically charged issue in Japan, Nike LeBron 13 EP XIII James Basketball Shoes Yellow Dark Blue 823301,Nike SB Luxury Dunk Low QS Latest Deconstructed Soulland Special FRI.day 918288-041,Nike Lebron 13 All Star Men Nike LeBron 13 Elite EXT Linen Release Date promotion SneakerFiles Nike Lebron 13 Low Modern Notoriety,. "My government has no intention of adopting a so-called immigration policy," Abe said in February.

Yet the total number of foreign residents in Japan has grown 20% in the last three years, reaching 2.6 million in 2017, or 2% of the total population. In Tokyo, one in eight residents who came of age this year were foreigners.

"Anyone wandering around Japan, from Hokkaido to Tokyo to Okinawa, knows that there is growing diversity in schools and the workplace," said Jeff Kingston, a professor at Temple University Japan. "Nike Lebron 13 All Star get Men Lowest price Purple Green AU White Nike Lebron 13 ID Nike LeBron 13 Page 3 of 5 EU Kicks Sneaker Magazine LeBron 13 All Star get Sneaker Assist,Nike SB Eric Koston 2 Athletic Shoes Men Photo Blue / Gray Wolf / Summit White,Nike Lebron 12 outlet Dunkman Store Men LeBron James 12 outlet Pound Weight Loss Incredible Andrew Lebron Shoes 12 outlet Nike Lebron lebron james shoes stores,."

Nike Air Max 90 QS Men Running Shoes Dark Blue Royal Blue Jade 813150-107 Foreign workers have become a part of everyday life in Japan, yet public debate on immigration remains limited. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

While foreign workers are now part of everyday life in Japan -- making ready-to-eat foods in convenience stores, growing fruits and vegetables on farms and sorting packages for delivery companies -- public debate has been limited.Nike Lebron 12 Dunkman Men LeBron stores Shoes Nike Lebron James discounts 13 12 Shoes Lebron James discounts 12 Foot Locker UK LeBron stores James discounts and His Hottest Nike LeBron stores 12 The Drop,Nike SB Dunk High Colourful TRD QS Super Danny Factory Supa Safety Orange/Hyper Blue-White AH0471-841,Nike Lebron 12 Dunkman Men Best Deals Nike Lebron 12 Data Lebron 12 Christmas James DS Nike Lebron 12 XII Authentic Easter sz13 Australia James pe sample,. As a result, Abe's position -- despite its apparent contradictions -- has faced no strong pushback from the public or politicians yet.

Many Japanese look at the deep divisions in the West over immigration and conclude that a more open policy should be avoided. Yet the steady relaxation of migration rules has not led to the social fissures seen elsewhere.

"Nike Latest Roshe Run Knit 2015 Couples Men Running Shoes Black Red,Nike SB 2 Ruckus LR Athletic Shoes Black / Vivid Blue White / Atomic Orange,Nike Lab Classic Komyuter ACG.07.KMTR PRM Amazing Black / outlets Summit White 921664-001,, like all other countries, does have racist problems, but hate crime and hate speech are relatively Nike Kyrie 3 Sneaker Eastern Conference Finals Men's Shoes For Sale Online Num: STS030,Nike Roshe Run White Black Mens Shoes Net Special,Nike Kobe XI 11 Elite Low Eulogy Hyper Purple Moon Blue Black 822675,," Kingston said.

With Japan facing its tightest labor market in decades, the business community would like Abe to go further. The unemployment rate stands at 2.5%, the lowest level in 25 years. There are now 1.59 jobs for every job seeker, the highest ratio since 1974.

Nike Air Max 90 PREM TAPE Mens Shoes Black Dark Grey - 91205 Trainers

Given Japan's demographics -- it is the world's oldest advanced economy -- the labor shortage is only going to intensify. The nation's working-age population, defined as those aged between 15 and 64, is expected to decrease more than 40% to 45 million over the next 50 years. By contrast, those aged 75 or older, dubbed the "super-elderly," are projected to make up more than a quarter of the population.

Cabbages and car parts

Nike Kobe Black Mamba 24 Men Basketball Shoes Black,Nike Roshe Run Men's Athletic Shoes Dark Loden / Dark Loden / Midnight Turquoise / Black,Nike Kobe 11 Elite stores GCR Men Sell Nike Kobe 11 Elite stores GCR Edition Size and Nike Officially Unveils the Kobe 11 Sole Collector Nike Kobe 9 EM Low,, and 60% are 65 or older. Most of their children have left for the city in search of better-paying office work.

Nike Kobe 11 Elite GCR Men Nike Kobe 11 Elite USA White Kobe Fine Buy Nike Kobe 11 Tinker Complex Nike Kobe XI 11 Elite Performance Review JAHRONMON,Nike Roshe Run Men Casual Shoes Army Green,Nike Kobe 11 Elite GCR cheaps Men For Nike Kobe 11 BHM Drops on Monday Nike Kobe 11 iD Mamba Day Complex Nike Toddler Kobe Fine UK,, the government's trainee program has allowed them to hold on to their livelihoods.

Among them is Kota Hirohara, 56, who raises cabbages on his small farm. On a recent May day, two Indonesian trainees were harvesting Hirohara's cabbages by hand with large nakiri, or vegetable knives. Hirohara says his farm is not big enough to need an expensive cabbage harvesting machine.

Nike Air Max 90 Mens Shoes VT PRM QS Donker Blue Indonesian trainees harvest cabbages at a farm in Ibaraki Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

The two men, Muhamad Irvan Gustian and Farruq Fahlevi, both 21, can pick as many as 4,000 cabbages during their eight-hour workday. They also weed the fields, Nike Kevin Durant KD 6 VI Aqua Green-Orange/Teal-Navy For Sale,Nike Roshe One SE Mens Shoes White,Nike KD 8 VIII iD Kevin Durant Men Basketball Shoes Purple Blue Green 818303-992,, where the temperature can reach 40 C in summer.

Nike Kd 7 Vii Men Basketball Shoes Midnight Navy Navy Varsity Red Gold,Nike Roshe One Mid Girls Grade School Black/Pink Pow Running Shoes,Nike Jr Tiempo Genio Leather Indoor athletic shoes boys Desert Sand / Atomic Orange / Black,. He speaks basic Japanese, which he picked up watching anime series such as "One Piece" and "Detective Conan."

Nike Jordan Fusion 6 AJF6 5/8th (black / stealth / red) Sneakers,Nike Roshe One Knit Jacquard Men's Shoes Gym Red/Team Red/Black/Gym Red,Nike internationalists Athletic Shoes Man Black / Sail / Anthracite / Dark Mica Green,," he said. "I want to do more work." He says he wants to run a big farm in Indonesia one day, perhaps growing rice or coffee.

Nike Hypervenom Phantom Fg Men Soccer Shoes Crimson Red Green Crimson Charcoal,Nike Roshe One Girls Grade School Court Purple/Metallic Silver/Hot Lava/Fuchsia Glow Running Shoes,Nike HyperChase Men's Basketball Shoes Vivid Pink/Pink Pow/Black,.

Nike Air Max 90 Mens shoes Black Green - 90850 Sale A Vietnamese worker checks autoparts at a Shigeru plant in Gunma Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobyashi)

The workers at Shigeru make instrument panels used in the Outback, Impreza and other models. The company hires Japanese part-timers in response to changes in demand, but Masayoshi Tabata, general manager, says foreign trainees are more dependable. "Part-timers quit when they find better-paying jobs. Trainees stay for three years."

Nike High Retro Air Jordan I 1 Men Basketball Shoes Black Green,Nike Roshe One Boys Grade School Gym Red/Dark Grey/White Running Shoes,Nike High Cut 2012 Dunk Sb Floral Pattern Men Skateboard Shoes Ivory Black Pattern Black Ivory,.

Trainees are discouraged from going back to their country before finishing the three-year term or from having a child, and they cannot bring their spouse on the visa.

Nike Free Woven 5.0 ND Unisex Birch / Tour Yellow-White,Nike Roshe Comfort Casual Men Casual Shoes Rose Wine Rose Wine,Nike Free Run+ 2 Men Shoes Black Yellow Outlet Store,.

International pressure and media reports led to a law change in November 2017, allowing only certified organizations to participate in the trainee program. Criminal penalties were introduced for mistreatment of workers while a new government agency has been given a legal mandate to conduct random inspections. A whistleblower system has also been created that allows cases of abuse to be reported via email, a telephone hotline or a dedicated website. Most trainees have smartphones with them and have Wi-Fi access in their dormitories.

Fast-track system for tech workers

Nike Free Run 5.0 V2 Rose Red Black for Shoes - L49h1562 colorful nike shoes,Nike Retro Latest Roshe Run Frgmt 3 Fragment Design 2015 Men Running Shoes Orange Carbon Carbon Grey,Nike Free Run 4.0 V4 Coal Black Green Shoes Powder - L6f2286 nike air,.

Nike Air Max 90 Men Running Shoes White Yellow Internet company Rakuten, based in Tokyo, has been actively recruiting foreign talent. (Photo by Yasunori Okamura)

Nike Free Run 3.0 V3 Men shoes Light Blue - 90751 Trainers,Nike Retro Est Air Jordan 10 X 2015 Men Basketball Shoes Red Black Grey,Nike Free Run 2 Men shoes Light Grey Light Green - 91508 Popular,. technology companies like Google and Uber in the emerging fields of autonomous driving, artificial intelligence, ride-sharing and the internet of things. In these new fields, the flow of ideas -- and people -- is vital.

"It is impossible for Japanese to create a very competitive technology-based company unless we globalize internally,Nike Free Flyknit 5-0 Large Red And White Fly Line,Nike Retro Air Jordan Vi 6 Men Basketball Shoes White Blue,Nike Free 6.0 2013 Spiderman Men Running Shoes White Blue,, CEO of Japanese e-commerce company Rakuten, at an in-house seminar last year.

At Rakuten's Japanese headquarters in a Tokyo suburb, a quarter of its roughly 6,000 employees are foreigners. The company hires about 400 engineers every year, of which 70% are non-Japanese, mainly Indians and Chinese.

Rakuten's push for global talent began in 2009, Nike Free 5.0 2015 Girls Preschool Blue Lagoon/Metallic Silver/Midnight Navy/Copa Running Shoes,Nike Retro Air Jordan Spizike 3.5 Men Basketball Shoes Grey Black,Nike Flyknit Trainer Men Training Shoes Blue Black,.

Nike Air Max 90 Men Bronze/Baroque Brown/Bamboo/Bronze Running Shoes Foreign students attend a job fair in Tokyo. Japanese companies, including e-commerce player Rakuten, are increasingly looking for international talent. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

Mikitani's revelation came during a lunch session with Indian engineers. Nike Flex Fury 2 Girls Toddler Chalk Blue/Metallic Silver/White Running Shoes,Nike Retro Air Jordan I 1 Men Basketball Shoes Grey,Nike Factory Sale Under Armour UA ClutchFit Drive II Yellow White Black Shoes Online,.

Amit Agrawal, a 35-year-old engineer from India, is one of those who were hired by Rakuten.

"Most Japanese companies don't accept non-Japanese speakers. Rakuten is one of the companies that accept non-Japanese-speaking people," said Agrawal, who works in a massive open room that is almost entirely filled by foreign workers. Nike Factory Sale Nike Mens Kyrie Irving 1 Black White Basketball Shoes Online,Nike Retro Air Jordan 6 Vi Men Basketball Shoes Black,Nike Factory Sale Nike Lebron 11 Graffiti White University Red Black Basketball Shoes Online,, via a loyalty point system.

"Rakuten is basically an e-commerce company, but we are moving into other businesses also. I wanted to work in the latest technologies," Nike Factory Sale Nike Kobe 10 Uconn Blue White Orange Gold Shoes Online,Nike Retro Air Jordan 4 Iv Men Basketball Shoes Grey Green,Nike Factory Sale Nike Chuck Posite Iridescent Black Red Basketball Shoes Online,.

Family ties

But IT workers are an exception. Most others, even skilled workers, face significant hurdles to settling in Japan.

Nike Air Max 90 Hyperfuse PRM Mens Shoes Dark Blue GELU5 On Marliezl Abud, left, and a fellow Philippine worker talk to an elderly woman at a care center in Tokyo. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

One of the biggest difficulties has to do with restrictions on allowing family members to accompany workers -- a move designed to prevent permanent immigration. Though they are starting to loosen for a small number of the most skilled workers, such restrictions may limit Japan's allure as a destination for people with sought-after training. 

Among those whose skills are in great demand is Marliezl Abud, Nike Factory Sale Mens Air Jordan 6 (VI) Retro Camo White Grey Black Shoes Online,Nike Retro Air Jordan 3 Iii Limited Edition Men Basketball Shoes Cool Grey,Nike Factory Sale Kids Air Jordan 3 (III) Retro White Blue Red Shoes Online,, Care Port Itabashi.  

Nike Factory Sale Air Jordan Flight 97 White Platinum Gym Red Shoes Online,Nike Retro 2012 Air Jordan 4 Iv Lightening Men Basketball Shoes Black Red White,Nike Factory Sale 2016 Nike Air Flight 89 Grey White Black Shoes Online,, it entered economic partnership agreements with the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam that would allow up to 900 caregivers a year to come work in the country for up to four or five years each. 

Nike Air Max 90 Hyp Prm 2015 Dragon Men Running Shoes White Yellow Black

Abud was able to come to Japan through this program, but the hurdles were high. Only those with a four-year-college degree and a Philippine qualification as a caregiver were accepted. Nike Factory Sale 2015 Nike Hyperrev EP Black Green Basketball Shoes Online,Nike Penny Hardaway Men Basketball Shoes,Nike Factory Sale 2015 Kids Air Jordan 12 Retro All Black Shoes Online,.  

She sends most of her salary to her parents and sisters back in the Philippines. Her younger sister has a daughter who is going on to private school, and Abud's earnings contribute to her niece's education.

Abud felt a crushing homesickness at first. But after she had passed the local exam, Nike Factory Sale 2015 Air Jordan 11 (XI) Low Retro White Black Red Shoes Online,Nike Nikelab Air Max 97 Mid x Good Riccardo Tisci Black Red,Nike Dunk SB New Low Cut Mens Shoes silver black dark blue,. She likes the shopping, too.

But she and her husband see possible obstacles ahead for their lives in Japan. Her visa allows her husband to work only up to 28 hours a week, which could pose problems if they start a family.

"I want to have a child next year," Nike Dunk High Premium SB Black-Pink Northern Lights Coolest Yeezy sales 313171-063,Nike Nike Roshe Run - Wolf Grey Gym Red & White - NI126SF24MBZ - Men's Sneakers,Nike Cortez Men Casual Shoes Black Pink White,."

Nike Blue Graphite/Pure Platinum/White/White Free Trainer 3.0 V3g ZZZ611525,

Subscribe to get unlimited access to all articles.

Nike Barkley Posite Max 2013 Men Basketball Shoes Purple,Nike Mens Shoes / White Black Sail Pure Platinum Shoes Nike Field General 82 DF65T2261b,Nike Air Zoom Pegasus 32 Flash Men's Running Shoes Deep Royal Blue/Total Crimson/Black/Reflect Silve,
NAR site on phone, device, tablet

Nike Air Vapormax Flyknit Zero Sprite Wolf Grey White Chlorine Hot Blue 849558-022 Official,

Subscribe to get unlimited access to all articles.

3 months for $9

Nike Air Presto Flyknit 2015 Men Running Shoes Black White,Nike Mens Shoes / Volt Metallic Gold Black Shoes Nike Tiempo Legacy Leather Fg FG32P2318,NIKE AIR MORE UPTEMPO PREMIUM AA4060-200 Flax Best Quality Gum Light Brown WHEAT discount,
NAR site on phone, device, tablet

Your trial period has expired

You need a subscription to...

Nike Air Max Turbulence+ 16 Unisex White / Black-Neutral Grey-Sport Red,Nike Mens Shoes / University Gold White Black Shoes Nike Dunk Comfort EE28Gu1jn,Nike Air Max Tn I Men Running Shoes Particular Red Black Red,

Your full access to the Nikkei Asian Review has expired

You need a subscription to:

Nike Air Max Thea Men Trainers Dark Grey White - 91490 Sale,Nike Mens Shoes / Silver Wing Team Orange Cool Grey Obsidian Shoes Nike Roshe Run Slip On DU54Hd1w,Nike Air Max Shoes Thea Men - 91495 Trainers,
Nike Air Max Ltd 2 Men Running Shoes Silver White,Nike Mens Shoes / Photo Blue Hyper Crimson Black Shoes Nike Lunareclipse + 4 KH5859281f,NIKE AIR MAX Exclusive 95 TT PRM "PULL Limited Edition TAB" AJ4077-002 Black Sail get Ale Brown Gym Red Mens,
  • Inexpensive 147814 Nike Free 5.0 V4 Men Black Sail Brown Shoes
  • Vans Classic - Slip-Ons - Metallic Bronze O2q6937 store for sale clearance
  • Asics Onitsuka Tiger Mexique 66 Dx Men Shoes Beige Black 946771
  • Cheap Nike Air More Uptempo White Black Red Online Sale
  • Foot Locker Rugab Fashion Tank - Casual - Off White Angel Falls 6VM4495 - Clothing - Men's Peach
  • Alberto Torresi Mens Sneakers Beige
  • Nike Air Zoom Structure 20 Shoes New Designs
  • Discounts Under Armour O Series 6 Boxerjock 2 Pack Carbon Heather/True Grey Heather For Men Sale
  • Nike Lunarglide 6 White Black Hyper Orange Blue Mens Running Shoes 654434 101
  • adidas Iniki Runner W (grey / white)
  • Stylish Geox Chewa A Low Top Trainers Pink / Gold For Women Online
  • Girls Nike Air Foamposite GS Hot Dr. Doom new Black White get
  • 2017 Womens Nike Men's Nike Air Force 1 White/Pure Platinum/Pure Platinum Shoes Canada QZL2402905
  • Pumps & Heels Women Charles by Charles David Plateau Platform Pump Beige Discount Shop
  • Package Adidas Originals ZX 750 Adidas ZX FLUX sneakers adidas originals zx flux eBay adidas zx adidas zx adidas zx700 adidas
  • Mens Adidas Shoes Adidas Ultra Boost Sneakers Gray Black White Green No.1965
  • Boots Men Brushed-Nubuck Lace-Up Boots Black Best Buy
  • Nike 6.0 Air Mogan Black White Agent
  • Nike Air Max Ltd 3 Running Shoes Men White/Black/Grey
  • Adidas Nmd R1 - S31510 Grey [Gz3554]