2018 Official authorized -  Adidas Gazelle Originals Blue White Shoes Farruq Fahlevi, left, and Muhamad Irvan Gustian, both from Indonesia, work on a farm harvesting cabbages in Ibaraki Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)
Cover Story

Famous for its resistance to immigration, Japan opens its doors

Number of foreign workers doubles in five years as nation faces labor crisis

2017 Mens Nike Sale Men's Nike Sb Stefan Janoski Max Cool Grey/White/Dark Grey/White Shoes Canada ETG1502177,2018 Quality assurance - Puma Ferrari evoSPEED 1.4 Men Shoes Black-Vibrant Yellow-White,2017 Nike Air Force Men's Nike Air Max 1 Ultra Moire Photo Print Shoes Canada FNV0903005,. Along with a group of Japanese colleagues, they will spend the day moving heavy wooden pilings and pouring concrete for the foundation of a seven-story condominium block. 

It is demanding work, 2017 Nike Black And White Shoes Men's Nike Free 4.0 Flyknit Orange Shoes Canada BXZ9301797,Nike Dunk High Top Fat Rabbit Carrot Neutral Grey Shoes,2017 Nike Colorful Shoes Men's Nike Air Max 90 Winter Premium Grey Shoes Canada IMR5503085,.

"I've chosen the construction industry because the work involves lots of communication and helps improve my Japanese," Hoang said, in fluent Japanese. He eventually wants to work as a translator in Japan, and hopes that his fiancee will be able to join him there one day.

His employer, 2017 Nike Football Men's Jordan Rising High White/Grey Shoes Canada MOV540481,Nike Dunk High Top Roberto Clemente Shoes,2017 Nike International Trainers Men's Air Jordan 6 Retro White/Blue Shoes Canada ZCD230147,, said trainees like Hoang are indispensable for his company of 32. "Foreign trainees learn faster than Japanese," Maeda said. "They are more serious, more hardworking, and take fewer days off. They are keen to learn and work hard for money. 2017 Nike Mercurial Vapor Men's Nike Roshe Flyknit Black/Dark Grey/White Shoes Canada FJX1703422,Nike Dunk Low Aisia Glow in the Dark White Green Shoes,2017 Nike Pegasus Men's Air Jordan Xx8 White/Photo Blue/Gym Red Shoes Canada VST840268,. Like other industries in a rapidly aging Japan, the construction business is desperate for labor. 2017 Nike Shoes Blue And Grey Men's Nike Air Max Tailwind 7 Anthracite/Bright Crimson/Hot Lava Shoes Canada VAX7301505,Nike Pikachu High Top Tops Pokemon Dunks Shoes,2017 Nike Shoes Online Buy Men's Nike Hypervenom Phelon Ii Fg Green Strike/Black Shoes Canada EZO9202328,. As baby boomers retire, the labor shortage -- in construction and in the wider economy -- is bound to become more acute.

London - MLB Detroit Tigers Authentic JOHNNY DAMON #18 Jersey Whitenfl customized jerseysnfl jerseys nike contractauthentic quality Vietnamese trainee Dang Ngoc Hoang works at a building site in Tokyo. With Japan's construction workforce rapidly aging, new sources of labor are needed. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

The demand for construction workers is intensifying before the 2020 Olympics, 2017 Nike Shoes Usa Online Men's Nike Magista Onda Tf White/Pink Blast/Volt/Black Shoes Canada IMV6002445,Women KD 8 VIII London ID Hyper Poison Blue Green White,2017 Nike Soccer Men's Jordan Retro 7 Td Black/Black/White Shoes Canada MPB340478,, the program has boomed in recent years -- and is one reason that the number of foreign workers in Japan has nearly quadrupled over the last decade.

2017 Nike Trainers Cheap Men's Jordan Dub Zero Wolf Grey/Classic Charcoal/White/University Blue Shoes Canada GZK760329,Women Under Armour Canada Women UA Recommended Steph Curry One 1 One Dark Crimson Black Grey Gold Top,2017 Nike Website Men's Kd 8 Asg White/Black/Multi-color/Metallic Silver Shoes Canada JGY460662,, Japan is in the midst of a quiet revolution when it comes to immigrant workers. 2017 Original Nike Shoes Men's Nike Air Zoom Fly 2 Classic Charcoal/Blue Shoes Canada NSU4301558,2016 Sale Nike Air Max Tailwind 6 Women Trainers Black Pink,2017 The Latest Nikes Men's Nike Lunarglide 7 Blue Shoes Canada AUW7901943,.

Without fanfare, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has steadily loosened Japan's once tightly controlled visa policy, resulting in an almost doubling of the number of foreign workers in Japan to 1.28 million over the last five years. In its latest move, Abe's government is expected to create a new class of  five-year work permits for unskilled workers in hopes of attracting more than 500,000 new overseas workers by 2025. The new guidelines, to be finalized in June, will ease language requirements for foreign workers in construction, 2017 White Nike Shoes Men's Nike Air Up 2014 Black/University Red/Metallic Silver Shoes Canada GFI5003223,2017 All Blue Nike Shoes Women's Nike Pre Montreal Racer Vintage Light Bone/Black/Sail Shoes Canada ZJH4904410,adidas Originals Men's Shoes Trainers - blue,.

Most Beautiful - Orlando Magic Dwight Howard #12 Authentic Jersey Bluenfl throwback jerseysnfl jerseys wholesale cheapOnline Shop

Immigration remains a politically charged issue in Japan, adidas Performance Men's Shoes ESSENTIAL STAR - Sports shoes - bright royal/core black/white,2017 Blue Nike Sneakers Women's Nike Zoom Fit Agility Pink Pow/Polar/Fireberry/Black Shoes Canada AOE5104487,ASICS Men's Shoes SHAW RUNNER - Trainers - olive,. "My government has no intention of adopting a so-called immigration policy," Abe said in February.

Yet the total number of foreign residents in Japan has grown 20% in the last three years, reaching 2.6 million in 2017, or 2% of the total population. In Tokyo, one in eight residents who came of age this year were foreigners.

"Anyone wandering around Japan, from Hokkaido to Tokyo to Okinawa, knows that there is growing diversity in schools and the workplace," said Jeff Kingston, a professor at Temple University Japan. "Converse Men's Shoes CHUCK TAYLOR ALL STAR HI CORE CANVAS - High-top trainers - bordeaux,2017 Gray Womens Nikes Men's Nike Flyknit Air Max Black/Tide Pool Blue/Blue Lagoon/White Shoes Canada DDO2701710,Diesel Men's Shoes GRANTOR - High-top trainers - white,."

Original Design - MLB Atlanta Braves Authentic Jason Heyward #22 Road Cool Base Jenfl jerseys personalizedauthentic nfl jerseys stitchedcheap prices Foreign workers have become a part of everyday life in Japan, yet public debate on immigration remains limited. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

While foreign workers are now part of everyday life in Japan -- making ready-to-eat foods in convenience stores, growing fruits and vegetables on farms and sorting packages for delivery companies -- public debate has been limited.G-Star Men's Shoes DASH III AVERY II - Trainers - white,2017 Nike Blue Shoes Womens Men's Jordan 5 Am Black/Black/Gym Red Shoes Canada BAT330281,Lacoste Men's Shoes LEROND - Trainers - white,. As a result, Abe's position -- despite its apparent contradictions -- has faced no strong pushback from the public or politicians yet.

Many Japanese look at the deep divisions in the West over immigration and conclude that a more open policy should be avoided. Yet the steady relaxation of migration rules has not led to the social fissures seen elsewhere.

"Nike Performance Men's Shoes Football boots - gold,2017 Nike In Store Women's Nike Dunk Ultra Modern White/Wolf Grey/Black/White Shoes Canada NLV7104160,Nike SB Men's Shoes ERIC KOSTON MID - Skater shoes - dark gey/black/dusty cactus,, like all other countries, does have racist problems, but hate crime and hate speech are relatively 2017 Newest Air Jordan 11 Low Olympic White Gold,2017 Nike Shoes For Women Black Men's Nike Dunk High Sherpa Black/Sail/Black Shoes Canada KWI9303287,Authentic adidas Ultra Boost Uncaged Light Blue BB3049,," Kingston said.

With Japan facing its tightest labor market in decades, the business community would like Abe to go further. The unemployment rate stands at 2.5%, the lowest level in 25 years. There are now 1.59 jobs for every job seeker, the highest ratio since 1974.

Remarkable - 2011 Stanley Cup Finals Vancouver Canucks Roberto Luongo #1 Authsale nfl jerseysnfl jerseys cheap storepremier fashion designer

Given Japan's demographics -- it is the world's oldest advanced economy -- the labor shortage is only going to intensify. The nation's working-age population, defined as those aged between 15 and 64, is expected to decrease more than 40% to 45 million over the next 50 years. By contrast, those aged 75 or older, dubbed the "super-elderly," are projected to make up more than a quarter of the population.

Cabbages and car parts

Authentic Cheap Jordan 1 High White Black Gold,2017 Nike Stockists Women's Nike Lunar Summer Lite Ii Bold Berry/Fuchsia Glow/White/Hot Lava Shoes Canada HAS2004378,Authentic Lebron James 11 Miami vs. Akron Brave Blue Mineral Teal-Atomic Pink 616175-400,, and 60% are 65 or older. Most of their children have left for the city in search of better-paying office work.

Authentic Real Nike Kobe A.D. Yellow Black Red,2017 Shoes Nike For Women Men's Nike Air More Uptempo Navy/White Shoes Canada PEW7803155,Best Sale Cheap Kobe 10 Elite Team Ink Persian Violet Volt Reflect Silver,, the government's trainee program has allowed them to hold on to their livelihoods.

Among them is Kota Hirohara, 56, who raises cabbages on his small farm. On a recent May day, two Indonesian trainees were harvesting Hirohara's cabbages by hand with large nakiri, or vegetable knives. Hirohara says his farm is not big enough to need an expensive cabbage harvesting machine.

The Choicest Goods - University Of North Carolina (UNC Aka Tar Heels) MICHAEL JORDANsale nfl jerseysnfl jerseys nike contractdesigner fashion Indonesian trainees harvest cabbages at a farm in Ibaraki Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

The two men, Muhamad Irvan Gustian and Farruq Fahlevi, both 21, can pick as many as 4,000 cabbages during their eight-hour workday. They also weed the fields, Cheap Discount Air Jordan 13 Quai 54 White Blue,2017 White Nike Shoes Women's Nike Free 4.0 Flyknit Black/Wolf Grey/Dark Grey/White Shoes Canada LXY3404213,Cheap Foamposite One "Red Camo Mosaic Tile" Custom,, where the temperature can reach 40 C in summer.

Cheap Lebron 11 Soldier Black Silver Volt Ice,2017 Womens Nike Shoes Online Men's Nike Internationalist Grey/White/Black Shoes Canada SPB1703359,Cheap Lebron James 14 Black Purple Jade,. He speaks basic Japanese, which he picked up watching anime series such as "One Piece" and "Detective Conan."

Cheap Lebron James Soldier 10 Black Game Royal,adidas Performance Women's Shoes CHOLEAH PADDED - Winter boots - sharp grey,Cheap Original Nike Kyrie 2 Easter,," he said. "I want to do more work." He says he wants to run a big farm in Indonesia one day, perhaps growing rice or coffee.

Cheap Priced Nike Kobe 11 Barcelona,CK Calvin Klein Women's Shoes LULU - Wellies - black,Cheap Reebok Kamikaze II Mid "USA" White Navy Red,.

Yearn For - Boston Celtics Rajon Rondo #9 Authentic Jersey Whitebest nfl jerseysnike concept nfl jerseys patriotsCheapest A Vietnamese worker checks autoparts at a Shigeru plant in Gunma Prefecture. (Photo by Ken Kobyashi)

The workers at Shigeru make instrument panels used in the Outback, Impreza and other models. The company hires Japanese part-timers in response to changes in demand, but Masayoshi Tabata, general manager, says foreign trainees are more dependable. "Part-timers quit when they find better-paying jobs. Trainees stay for three years."

Cheapest Nike Air Max 2017 Black Silver,Converse Women's Shoes CHUCK TAYLOR ALL STAR OX PLAYER - Trainers - black,Discount Cheap Hyperdunk 2016 Low Flyknit Royal Blue Orange White,.

Trainees are discouraged from going back to their country before finishing the three-year term or from having a child, and they cannot bring their spouse on the visa.

Discount Nike Zoom Clear Out Blue Purple Volt Black White,ecco Women's Shoes CAYLA - Casual lace-ups - woodrose,For Sale Cheap Nike KD 7 Oregon Ducks PE,.

International pressure and media reports led to a law change in November 2017, allowing only certified organizations to participate in the trainee program. Criminal penalties were introduced for mistreatment of workers while a new government agency has been given a legal mandate to conduct random inspections. A whistleblower system has also been created that allows cases of abuse to be reported via email, a telephone hotline or a dedicated website. Most trainees have smartphones with them and have Wi-Fi access in their dormitories.

Fast-track system for tech workers

Genuine Cheap Nike KD 5 Aunt PEarl Lead,Lacoste Women's Shoes BEDELIA - Trainers - white/dark blue,Legit Original Air Jordan 4 CP3 Custom,.

Adidas Ace 16.3 Primemesh In Indoor Football Boots Groen/Pink W2n1848 Internet company Rakuten, based in Tokyo, has been actively recruiting foreign talent. (Photo by Yasunori Okamura)

Newest Cheap Nike Lunar Force 1 Duckboot KPU Black Red White,Nike Performance Women's Shoes AIR MAX 2014 - Cushioned running shoes - royal/hyper pink/bright magenta,Official Nike Hyperdunk 2013 Sonic Yellow Dark Grey-Tour Yellow 599537-700,. technology companies like Google and Uber in the emerging fields of autonomous driving, artificial intelligence, ride-sharing and the internet of things. In these new fields, the flow of ideas -- and people -- is vital.

"It is impossible for Japanese to create a very competitive technology-based company unless we globalize internally,On Sale Authentic Micro G Torch Black White University Red,Hot Nike Air Max Ivo Trainers Shoes Womens Blue/White/Pink 550714JQ,On Sale Cheap Air Jordan 6 Glow in the Dark Valentines Day,, CEO of Japanese e-commerce company Rakuten, at an in-house seminar last year.

At Rakuten's Japanese headquarters in a Tokyo suburb, a quarter of its roughly 6,000 employees are foreigners. The company hires about 400 engineers every year, of which 70% are non-Japanese, mainly Indians and Chinese.

Rakuten's push for global talent began in 2009, On Sale Nike Air Max 2014 Royal Blue Grey Silver,Online Nike Air Vapor Ace Tennis Shoes Womens White/Navy 333514CK,Online Authentic Air Jordan 12 Chocolate Brown Gum,.

Adidas Solar Rnr Cushioned Running Shoes Grey/Dark Grey/Crystal White U17e8016 Foreign students attend a job fair in Tokyo. Japanese companies, including e-commerce player Rakuten, are increasingly looking for international talent. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

Mikitani's revelation came during a lunch session with Indian engineers. Original adidas NMD R1 White Blue S31511,Sale Nike Flex Supreme 4 Training Shoes Womens White/Pink 833941QH,Original Lebron James 12 Low Black Volt,.

Amit Agrawal, a 35-year-old engineer from India, is one of those who were hired by Rakuten.

"Most Japanese companies don't accept non-Japanese speakers. Rakuten is one of the companies that accept non-Japanese-speaking people," said Agrawal, who works in a massive open room that is almost entirely filled by foreign workers. Real Cheap adidas EQT Support ADV Primeknit Grey Core Black White,Specials Nike Tanjun Trainers Shoes Womens Black/White 795434DG,Real Cheap Nike Flight Squad Cork,, via a loyalty point system.

"Rakuten is basically an e-commerce company, but we are moving into other businesses also. I wanted to work in the latest technologies," Shop Cheap adidas D Lillard 2 Fire Monkey,Nike FS Lite Run 2 - Women Shoes,Shop Nike Lebron Zoom Soldier 8 Breast Cancer Think Pink,.

Family ties

But IT workers are an exception. Most others, even skilled workers, face significant hurdles to settling in Japan.

Adidas Niya Ff Sports Shoes White/Silver Metallic/Frozen Green P26a5708 Marliezl Abud, left, and a fellow Philippine worker talk to an elderly woman at a care center in Tokyo. (Photo by Ken Kobayashi)

One of the biggest difficulties has to do with restrictions on allowing family members to accompany workers -- a move designed to prevent permanent immigration. Though they are starting to loosen for a small number of the most skilled workers, such restrictions may limit Japan's allure as a destination for people with sought-after training. 

Among those whose skills are in great demand is Marliezl Abud, Shopping Cheap Kobe 8 System Grey Blue White,Leisure - Pittsburgh Steelers Troy Polamalu #43 Women Authentic Jersey Pincustomized nfl jerseysnfl jerseys wholesale new yorkThe Most Fashion Designs,Where to Buy Cheap Curry 2.5 Red Black,, Care Port Itabashi.  

Where to Order Cheap Jordan Super.Fly 4 Black Dark Grey Infrared 23 White,TOMMY HILFIGER Casual trouser Beige women Trouserstommy hilfiger shoeswholesale price,Australia Nike Air Zoom Fly 2 Running Shoes Mens Orange/Black 448870ON,, it entered economic partnership agreements with the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam that would allow up to 900 caregivers a year to come work in the country for up to four or five years each. 

Adidas Tubular Defiant High-Top Trainers Core Black/Chalk White Q14m1999

Abud was able to come to Japan through this program, but the hurdles were high. Only those with a four-year-college degree and a Philippine qualification as a caregiver were accepted. NZ Nike Air Zoom Fly 2 Running Shoes Mens Royal/Black 892361VR,Women Polos ED-WPO011ed hardy for saleed hardy wholesale authenticcoupon codes,Outlet Nike Flex Experience Trainers Shoes Mens Blue/White 375234AV,.  

She sends most of her salary to her parents and sisters back in the Philippines. Her younger sister has a daughter who is going on to private school, and Abud's earnings contribute to her niece's education.

Abud felt a crushing homesickness at first. But after she had passed the local exam, Shop Nike Court Borough Mid Trainers Shoes Mens Black/White 701336UQ,Puma Faas 600 S V2 Pwrwarm Women's Running Shoes Italian Plum-Periscope-Italian Plum N92f6708,CONVERSE / BREAKPOINT PRO BLACK / WHITE / BLACK 155541C,. She likes the shopping, too.

But she and her husband see possible obstacles ahead for their lives in Japan. Her visa allows her husband to work only up to 28 hours a week, which could pose problems if they start a family.

"I want to have a child next year," VANS / SK8-HI WINTER MOSS / TRUE WHITE VA38GEOW2,Puma Suede Classic Emboss Women's Sneakers Lilac Snow I31a5937,VANS / THURSBY S/S NEW CHARCOAL-BLACK VA316Q02W,."


Subscribe to get unlimited access to all articles.

DC / KIDS REBUILT 2 S/S BLACK GID EDBZT03163-BKR0,Offer KD 8 VIII OKC Away Total Photo discounts Blue For Silver Orange,HAND SPINNER / PRINT GRAFFITI,
NAR site on phone, device, tablet


Subscribe to get unlimited access to all articles.

3 months for $9

NAR site on phone, device, tablet

Your trial period has expired

You need a subscription to...

Appreciated - NHL Winnipeg Jets CCM Dale Hawerchuk #10 Authentic Vintage Jersethrowback nfl jerseysnfl jerseys wholesale discount coupon codegreat deals,Under Armour ClutchFit Drive Cave Hyper Tour Navy certificate Gold Navy certificate Yellow Best Purple,Cheap - Minnesota Twins Jason Kubel #16 W50th Season Patch Graynfl jerseys youthnfl dog jerseys patriotsTop Designer Collections,

Your full access to the Nikkei Asian Review has expired

You need a subscription to:

Discount - Minnesota Vikings Percy Harvin #12 Authentic Black Shadow Jerseynfl jerseys authenticnfl jerseys nike vs reebokColorful And Fashion-Forward,Unique LeBron 13 25k Graphic ID Prism Original Floral White Lowest price,Exquisite - Los Angeles Raiders 1984 Lyle Alzado #77 Authentic Throwback Jercheap jerseys nflnfl jerseys cheap youthTop Designer Collections,
Go With - Buffalo Bills Paul Posluszny #51 Authentic Jersey Bluenfl personalized jerseysnfl jerseys for sale new yorklowest price,2016 Sale Nike Air Max 90 Essential Men For Light Blue Obsidian Dark Grey Sneakers,Iconic - Green Bay Packers 1961 Paul Hornung #5 Authentic Throwback Jersefootball jerseys nflnfl gear patriotsSale USA Online,
  • 2016 France Stadium Home
  • Converse Chuck Taylor All Star Dainty Lo White Shoes for Women : NO1574
  • ladies shoes moon boat we quiltedwhite-navy-bronze
  • Authentic & Low Price Salomon X-S 3D Blue Item:201301
  • Outlet Factory Casual Shoes - Mens Nike Toki Slip Wolf Grey/White
  • New Balance U420 Re-Engineered Trainer
  • 2016 Vans Era Picasso Paintings Low Girls Shoes I15y9921
  • Nike Lunar Hypergamer Sneakers For Men in 72756
  • Rhone Torrent Pant Men's 65261
  • Converse Men's Shoes PRO LEATHER - High-top trainers - black
  • Onitsuka OC Runner - Grey/ Shaded Spruce Get Cheap
  • Nike Roshe One Black/Black S52u4530
  • Womens Nike Core Motion TR 2 Black/Black Fitness Shoe 40175
  • Nike Zoom Bonafide Black White Cheap Jordan Women/Men's Shoes For Sale Online Num:SAF002
  • Glistening Women Levi's Black Sheep 714 Straight Leg Jean Cheapest
  • Acorn Womens Shoes / Tan Shoes Acorn Vista Wedge Slip on Clogs CY589989h1n
  • Nike Womens Air Max 90 Essential White Cool Grey Punch
  • UK Outlet Nike Air Zoom Vomero 11 (width) running shoes for Men
  • Adidas Stan Smith (U6l4485) - White/White/Pink - Adidas Men Shoes Online